- # Infrastructure
The MKAD, a 109km ring road for redirecting incoming traffic toward the city of Moscow, is the most important physical and mental border of the city. This ring is the element that separates Muscovites from people living outside the city.
Designed in 1930 and modified over the years, this border road transformed from an instrument for traffic circulation into a heavily congested destination in itself. Since the collapse of the USSR, many car services, retailers, megastores and leisure centers appeared along the MKAD. A post-Soviet city has been arising and is expected to grow further.
The MKAD City project investigates the development of this border city through time, and the culture that the car has created around it: a multitude of people, places, and landscapes, all connected through a ring road. The project envisions the future MKAD as an urban boulevard. A series of strategic interventions are proposed to reinforce the border city’s unique features and its diverse