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Idea by

Galen Pardee

http://galenpardee.com

GSAPP Incubator 231 Bowery 2nd Floor, NEW YORK CITY, United States of America
Galen Pardee is a designer, educator, and researcher based in New York City. He received his BA from Brandeis University and an MArch from Columbia University GSAPP. He has taught in the advanced design studios at Columbia University and led design teams for clients in New York City and California. Focusing on the intersection of architecture, geopolitical machinations, material economy, and the character of designed objects, his work has been exhibited in both the United States and overseas.

Territories of Territory Extraction


The New Politics of Material in Southeast Asia

Territories of Territory Extraction


The New Politics of Material in Southeast Asia
Territories of Territory Extraction studies the political agency of material in the world of global architecture.
File under
Type of project
  • Systemic changes

Territories of Territory Extraction explores the Singapore Strait: a unique geographical pressure point in the international sand trade, an area where the intersection of economics, environmentalism, and geopolitics is made manifest through architecture. Singapore is the largest global importer of sand, using aggregate for landfill, infrastructure, and cultural projects to maintain the city-state's high standard of living and international influence. Territories of Territory Extraction proposes a living map of the sand trade in the Singapore Strait, creating a resource that cross-references and tracks past and future geopolitical and spatial changes. The project looks forward, interviewing experts in architecture and material science, creating connections and proposing alternatives to sand-based construction in the region and beyond. Territories of Territory Extraction examines a future that has arrived ahead of schedule, laying the groundwork for architecture in an era of scarcity.


Singapore’s sand extraction hinterlands in Southeast Asia. As of 2018, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Cambodia have all banned exports to Singapore.

Indonesia’s Nipah Island is dredged beneath the waves. As it slipped beneath the low-tide mark, Indonesia re-dredged the island to its present condition.

Chronological Topography, Tuas Megaport and Jurong Petrochemical Facility, 2000-2016. Nipah Island (reconstructed) appears in the south.

Chronological Topography, Tekong Island and Changi Airport, 1990-2016. Changi Airport’s expansion is being designed by KPF and Thomas Heatherwick Studio.

Chronological Topography, Pasir Panjang and Singapore Strait, 1990-2009.

Territories of Territory Extraction


The New Politics of Material in Southeast Asia

Territories of Territory Extraction


The New Politics of Material in Southeast Asia
Territories of Territory Extraction studies the political agency of material in the world of global architecture.
File under
Type of project
  • Systemic changes

Territories of Territory Extraction explores the Singapore Strait: a unique geographical pressure point in the international sand trade, an area where the intersection of economics, environmentalism, and geopolitics is made manifest through architecture. Singapore is the largest global importer of sand, using aggregate for landfill, infrastructure, and cultural projects to maintain the city-state's high standard of living and international influence. Territories of Territory Extraction proposes a living map of the sand trade in the Singapore Strait, creating a resource that cross-references and tracks past and future geopolitical and spatial changes. The project looks forward, interviewing experts in architecture and material science, creating connections and proposing alternatives to sand-based construction in the region and beyond. Territories of Territory Extraction examines a future that has arrived ahead of schedule, laying the groundwork for architecture in an era of scarcity.


Singapore’s sand extraction hinterlands in Southeast Asia. As of 2018, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Cambodia have all banned exports to Singapore.

Indonesia’s Nipah Island is dredged beneath the waves. As it slipped beneath the low-tide mark, Indonesia re-dredged the island to its present condition.

Chronological Topography, Tuas Megaport and Jurong Petrochemical Facility, 2000-2016. Nipah Island (reconstructed) appears in the south.

Chronological Topography, Tekong Island and Changi Airport, 1990-2016. Changi Airport’s expansion is being designed by KPF and Thomas Heatherwick Studio.

Chronological Topography, Pasir Panjang and Singapore Strait, 1990-2009.


Idea by

Galen Pardee
GSAPP Incubator 231 Bowery 2nd Floor
NEW YORK CITY
United States of America
Galen Pardee is a designer, educator, and researcher based in New York City. He received his BA from Brandeis University and an MArch from Columbia University GSAPP. He has taught in the advanced design studios at Columbia University and led design teams for clients in New York City and California. Focusing on the intersection of architecture, geopolitical machinations, material economy, and the character of designed objects, his work has been exhibited in both the United States and overseas.